Like other diseases during pregnancy, Gestational Diabetes (GD) also occurs during Pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby born. It is estimated that 3 to 8% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes around in 24th to 28th week of pregnancy. Here we should look very carefully for the betterment of mother and baby that who is at risk of Gestational Diabetes? How is Gestational Diabetes Diagnosed?
Treating Gestational Diabetes Healthy Eating Plan Physical Activity Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels With Gestational Diabetes After Gestational Diabetes When You Have Gestational Diabetes, It Is Important to Further Support and Reading Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. Approximately 3-8% per cent of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes around the 24th-28th week of pregnancy.
Diabetes is a common condition in which the body is unable to use glucose for energy. This is because the hormone insulin is not being produced or not working properly. Being diagnosed with gestational diabetes can be upsetting, but working closely with your doctor and health care team can help to control your blood glucose levels. Most women are diagnosed after being tested by their doctor. These tests are either a Glucose Challenge Test (GCT), or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT).
A diagnosis of diabetes is based on the results of the OGTT. Usually these tests are performed when the woman is about six months pregnant. The most important aspect of treatment relates to healthy eating. Women with gestational diabetes are encouraged to follow a healthy eating plan which is varied and enjoyable and nutritionally appropriate for pregnancy. Including calcium, iron and folic acid, low in fat (particularly saturated fat), high in fibre and moderate in carbohydrate e.g. grains, cereals, fruit, pasta, rice. It is essential to see a dietitian who can assess your nutritional intake and formulate a healthy eating plan.
Continuing your current physical activity level is beneficial in helping to reduce the insulin resistance. Regular exercise like walking helps to keep you fit and prepares you for the birth of your baby. However, always check with your doctor before starting or continuing physical activity. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is essential so that treatment can be assessed and changed as necessary. Insulin injections may be needed to help bring the blood glucose level into the normal range.
Blood glucose lowering tablets are not used in pregnancy. High blood glucose levels are usually not a problem after the birth of your baby. An OGTT will be performed around six weeks after the birth, when blood glucose levels have usually returned to normal. There is a 30 to 50 per cent chance of developing diabetes in the next 15 years.
Women over 30 years of age Women with a family history of Type 2 diabetes Women who are overweight Women from certain ethnic groups are also at increased risk including Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders Maintain a healthy eating plan Maintain your weight within the ideal weight range Be physically active Have your blood glucose level checked every one to two years.